The U.S. and Lithuania share a history as valued Allies and strong partners. The United States established diplomatic relations with Lithuania in 1922, following its declaration of independence during World War I. Lithuania was forcibly annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940 during World War II. In 1990, Lithuania proclaimed its renewed independence and international recognition followed. The United States never recognized the forcible incorporation of Lithuania into the Soviet Union, and it views the present Government of Lithuania as the legal continuation of the interwar republic.
U.S. Assistance to Lithuania
In FY 2019, the United States provided Lithuania with approximately $88 million in security assistance to help Lithuania develop defensive capabilities, increase the NATO interoperability of its forces, and educate its military officers.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Lithuania is a dynamic European economy with growing commercial opportunities for U.S. businesses. In 2018, the United States was Lithuania’s 5th largest export partner, with more than USD 1.9 billion in total trade. Steps undertaken during the country’s accession to the EU and NATO, and later to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, helped improve Lithuania’s legal, tax, and customs systems, which has aided economic and commercial sector development. Lithuania ranked 14th (out of 190 countries) in the 2019 World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Report. The United States and Lithuania have signed an agreement on bilateral trade and intellectual property protection and a bilateral investment treaty. Lithuania participates in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows nationals of participating countries to travel to the United States for certain business or tourism purposes for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.