2. Bilateral Investment Agreements and Taxation Treaties
Liberia has Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) with the following countries: BLEU (Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union), France, Germany, and Switzerland ( ). It also has the following Treaties with Investment Provisions (TIPs): Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), ECOWAS Supplementary Act on Investment, Liberia-U.S. TIFA, ECOWAS Energy Protocol, Cotonou Agreement, Revised ECOWAS Treaty, AU Treaty, ECOWAS Protocol on Movement of Persons and Establishment, and ECOWAS Treaty. In March 2018, Liberia signed on to the African Continental Free Trade Area and associated Protocol on the Free Movement of People ( ). Liberia also enjoys preferential access to the U.S. market under special access and duty reduction programs such as the Generalized System of Preference (GSP) and the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Liberia is a signatory to several investment-related instruments (IRIs), such as the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Convention, The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID Convention), New York Convention, UN Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations, UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, ILO Tripartite Declarations on Multinational Enterprises, World Bank Investment Guidelines, New International Economic Order UN Resolution, Voluntary Partnership Agreement with the EU, Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU, Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States, and Permanent Sovereignty UN Resolution. Liberia does not have a bilateral taxation treaty with the United States.
A list of all countries with which the United States currently has bilateral investment treaties is available at: http://www.state.gov/e/eb/ifd/bit/117402.htm and free trade agreements (FTAs) at . (The NAFTA and all U.S. FTAs (except Bahrain) entered into since 2002 contain investment chapters.)