12. U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) and Other Investment Insurance Programs
The DFC is the successor of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC). OPIC signed an agreement with Albania in 1991, which is still in force.
DFC is America’s development bank and partners with the private sector to finance solutions to the most critical challenges facing the developing world. DFC provides equity financing, debt financing, political risk insurance, and technical development assistance. It focuses its work on less developed countries, classified by the World Bank as low-income, lower-middle-income, and upper-middle-income countries. DFC prioritizes its work in low-income and lower-middle-income countries and operates with restrictions in upper middle-income countries. Albania classifies as an upper middle-income country.
Albania has also ratified the World Bank’s Multilateral Investment Guarantees Agency (MIGA) Convention. MIGA provides investment guarantees against certain non-commercial risks (i.e., political-risk insurance) to eligible foreign investors for qualified investments in developing member countries. MIGA’s coverage covers the following risks: currency transfer restriction, expropriation, breach of contract, war, terrorism, civil disturbance, and failure to honor sovereign financial obligations.