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Angola

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Argentina

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Armenia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Azerbaijan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bahrain

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Barbados

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Belarus

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Belize

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bolivia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Brazil

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Cameroon

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Chile

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet)

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Hong Kong

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Macau

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Tibet

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Colombia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Costa Rica

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Côte d’Ivoire

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Crimea

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Croatia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Dominican Republic

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ecuador

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Egypt

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

El Salvador

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ethiopia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

While the government’s political transformation contributed to a reduction in the number of deaths from engagement with government forces, violence between communities and among citizens began to rise.

Gabon

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Georgia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ghana

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Guatemala

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Honduras

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Hungary

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

India

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Indonesia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Iraq

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Jamaica

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Jordan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kazakhstan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kenya

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kuwait

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lebanon

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lithuania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Malaysia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mexico

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mongolia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Morocco

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mozambique

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Namibia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Nigeria

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Oman

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Pakistan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Panama

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Papua New Guinea

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Paraguay

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Peru

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Philippines

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Poland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Qatar

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Romania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Russia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Saudi Arabia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Senegal

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Serbia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Slovakia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

South Africa

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Sri Lanka

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Suriname

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Tajikistan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Trinidad and Tobago

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Tunisia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Turkey

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ukraine

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

During the year the OHCHR and human rights groups documented fewer incidents of xenophobic societal violence and discrimination, compared with a spike in these incidents in 2018. Civil society groups remained concerned, however, about the lack of accountability for crimes committed by radical groups in cases documented in 2018. During the year members of such groups committed violent attacks on ethnic minorities (especially Roma), LGBTI persons, feminists, and other individuals they considered to be “un-Ukrainian” or “anti-Ukrainian.” The HRMMU noted that the failure of police and prosecutors to prevent these acts of violence, properly classify them as hate crimes, and effectively investigate and prosecute them created an environment of impunity and lack of justice for victims.

There were continued reports that the government provided grant funds to or cooperated with radical groups. For example, according to monitoring by independent investigative media outlet Bellingcat, during the year the Ministry of Youth and Sport awarded 845,000 hryvnias ($35,000) to groups–such as National Corps and C14 that have committed violence against minorities–to run “national-patriotic education projects” for children.

United Arab Emirates

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Uruguay

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Uzbekistan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Venezuela

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Vietnam

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Zambia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Human Rights Reports
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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future