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China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet)

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Hong Kong

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Macau

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Tibet

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Côte d’Ivoire

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Crimea

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Czech Republic

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Egypt

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Hungary

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Iraq

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Jordan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Malaysia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mexico

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Morocco

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Oman

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Poland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Russia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Serbia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Slovakia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

South Africa

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Thailand

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Turkey

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ukraine

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

During the year the OHCHR and human rights groups documented fewer incidents of xenophobic societal violence and discrimination, compared with a spike in these incidents in 2018. Civil society groups remained concerned, however, about the lack of accountability for crimes committed by radical groups in cases documented in 2018. During the year members of such groups committed violent attacks on ethnic minorities (especially Roma), LGBTI persons, feminists, and other individuals they considered to be “un-Ukrainian” or “anti-Ukrainian.” The HRMMU noted that the failure of police and prosecutors to prevent these acts of violence, properly classify them as hate crimes, and effectively investigate and prosecute them created an environment of impunity and lack of justice for victims.

There were continued reports that the government provided grant funds to or cooperated with radical groups. For example, according to monitoring by independent investigative media outlet Bellingcat, during the year the Ministry of Youth and Sport awarded 845,000 hryvnias ($35,000) to groups–such as National Corps and C14 that have committed violence against minorities–to run “national-patriotic education projects” for children.

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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future