More information about Luxembourg is available on the Luxembourg Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
In 1867, Luxembourg gained full independence from the Netherlands, and was guaranteed perpetual neutrality by European powers. The United States established diplomatic relations with Luxembourg in 1903. Luxembourg was occupied by Germany in both World War I and World War II and was liberated by forces that included U.S. troops.
Luxembourg is a longstanding ally of the United States. The friendship between the two countries is strengthened by a shared commitment to advancing freedom and prosperity. Luxembourg has long been a prominent supporter of European political and economic integration. It is a charter member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is one of the founding members of what became the European Union (EU).
U.S. Assistance to Luxembourg
The United States provides no development assistance to Luxembourg.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Luxembourg is a member of the European Union (EU). The U.S. economic relationship with the EU is the largest and most complex in the world, and the United States and the EU continue to pursue initiatives to create new opportunities for transatlantic commerce.
U.S. exports to Luxembourg include commercial aircraft and information and communications technology equipment. Luxembourg also purchases U.S. services and intellectual property, such as medical research and entertainment. U.S. firms are among the most prominent foreign investors in Luxembourg. The country is a major financial center in Europe, and U.S. banks and asset management companies have a significant presence. The United States and Luxembourg are collaborating closely on commercial space exploration, with Luxembourg having adopted a legal framework on the mining of space resources that mirrors the U.S. approach, leading to numerous U.S. space companies opening offices in Luxembourg. Luxembourg participates in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows nationals of participating countries to travel to the United States for certain business or tourism purposes for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.
Luxembourg’s Membership in International Organizations
Luxembourg and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Luxembourg also is an observer to the Organization of American States. Luxembourg served a two-year term on the UN Security Council from 2013-2014.
Principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
More information about Luxembourg is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: