More information about Pakistan is available on the Pakistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Pakistan following the country’s independence in 1947. We work closely with Pakistan on a wide array of issues ranging from energy, trade and investment, health, clean energy and combating the climate crisis, to Afghanistan stabilization and counterterrorism. The United States has been one of the largest sources of foreign direct investment in Pakistan and remains Pakistan’s largest export market. Trade and investment relations between the United States and Pakistan continue to grow, and the U.S. government supports this relationship by organizing business to business trade delegations, providing technical assistance, and promoting business opportunities for U.S. companies to develop U.S.-Pakistan commercial partnerships.
The United States has committed more than 77 million COVID-19 vaccine doses to Pakistan, including 16 million pediatric vaccines recently pledged in Washington, and has partnered with Pakistani institutions to build detection and treatment capacities throughout the pandemic. For more than 70 years, Pakistan has been an important partner in expanding educational opportunities through the largest Fulbright program in the world. Fulbright is operated by the U.S. Educational Foundation in Pakistan, a binational commission with support from both the Pakistani and U.S. governments. Including Fulbright, the U.S. government brings approximately 800 Pakistanis to the United States every year on a broad range of exchanges to develop and strengthen people-to-people ties.
On counterterrorism and internal security, Pakistan has taken some action against militant groups and UN-designated terrorist organizations in accordance with its National Action Plan against terrorism. However, the implementation of UN sanctions against these entities is uneven. The United States continues to urge Pakistan to take decisive action against these groups while seeking opportunities to work together with Pakistan in areas of mutual interest, such as counterterrorism and border security.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Pakistan is the fifth largest country in the world by population and ranked as the 44th largest economy in 2022 according to IMF estimates. The United States has long been Pakistan’s largest export market – importing more than $5 billion in Pakistani goods in 2021, far surpassing any other country. The United States has also been a leading investor in Pakistan for the past 20 years. In the most recent fiscal year, U.S. direct investment in Pakistan increased by 50 percent – it is now the highest it has been in over a decade. Major U.S. investments are concentrated in consumer goods, chemicals, energy, agriculture, business process out-sourcing, transportation, and communications. The United States has sought to deepen commercial ties with Pakistan, including through engagement by senior officials from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Department of State, and the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) with Pakistani leaders. However, Pakistan’s business climate has areas that need to be strengthened, including regulation, intellectual property protection, and taxation. The United States continues to work with Pakistan to achieve business climate enhancements.
U.S. Civilian Assistance to Pakistan
The primary focus of the U.S. civilian assistance program is to partner with Pakistan in its development toward security, stability, and prosperity. Working across the U.S. government, and in cooperation with Pakistan, international donors, and development partners, U.S. assistance has focused on projects supporting economic growth and bilateral trade, energy, governance and rule of law, refugees and refugee-hosting communities, law enforcement, civil society, people-to-people exchanges, and countering infectious diseases such as COVID-19.
The U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan is Donald Blome. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
More information about Pakistan is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: